Lesson Note On Personal Hygiene For Primary 4

Class: Primary 4

Topic: Personal Hygiene

Learning Objectives

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Define personal hygiene.
  • Explain the importance of personal hygiene.
  • List the different aspects of personal hygiene.
  • Demonstrate good personal hygiene practices.

Instructional Materials

  • Whiteboard or chart paper
  • Markers
  • Pictures or realia related to personal hygiene (e.g., soap, toothbrush, towel, comb, etc.)


What is personal hygiene?

Personal hygiene refers to the practices and habits that help us keep our bodies clean and healthy. It’s like taking care of ourselves to stay fresh and feel good. Personal hygiene means learning to do things that keep their bodies and surroundings clean to prevent illnesses and to look and feel their best.

First, personal hygiene includes washing our bodies regularly. This means taking baths or showers with soap and water. We wash our bodies to remove dirt, sweat, and germs that can make us sick. It’s important to pay special attention to areas like our armpits, feet, and private parts. Also, brushing our teeth at least twice a day is a vital part of personal hygiene. It keeps our mouths clean, our breath fresh, and our teeth strong.

Moreover, personal hygiene includes taking care of our hands. We should wash our hands with soap and water before we eat and after we use the restroom. Keeping our hands clean prevents the spread of germs. Additionally, keeping our hair clean and neatly groomed is another aspect of personal hygiene. Clean hair not only looks nice but also prevents dirt and oil from building up on our scalps.

Lastly, personal hygiene involves wearing clean clothes and changing them daily. Dirty clothes can carry germs, and changing into fresh ones helps us feel comfortable and clean.

Importance of Personal Hygiene

Personal hygiene is of paramount importance as it plays a pivotal role in promoting overall health, well-being, and self-confidence. Here are some key reasons why personal hygiene is crucial:

  • Disease Prevention: Practicing good personal hygiene helps prevent the spread of germs and bacteria that can cause diseases. Regular handwashing, for example, can significantly reduce the risk of illnesses like colds and flu.
  • Physical Health: Proper hygiene, including regular bathing and dental care, is essential for maintaining physical health. It helps in the removal of dirt, sweat, and harmful microorganisms from the body.
  • Mental and Emotional Well-Being: Feeling clean and fresh contributes to a positive self-image and higher self-esteem. It boosts mental and emotional well-being, leading to greater self-confidence and a better outlook on life.
  • Social Acceptance: Good personal hygiene is a social norm, and practicing it ensures that individuals are accepted and respected in social and professional settings. It also helps in building positive relationships with others.
  • Prevention of Odor: Regular bathing and using deodorants prevent body odor, which can be unpleasant for oneself and those around them.
  • Oral Health: Dental hygiene, including brushing and flossing, prevents tooth decay, gum disease, and bad breath. It also contributes to maintaining a healthy, confident smile.
  • Reduced Risk of Skin Issues: Proper hygiene reduces the risk of skin problems like acne, fungal infections, and rashes. Clean skin is less prone to irritation and breakouts.
  • Professional Success: In professional settings, maintaining good personal hygiene is often a requirement. It can influence job opportunities, promotions, and workplace relationships.
  • Improved Quality of Life: A clean and healthy body leads to an improved quality of life. It allows individuals to engage in various activities without discomfort or embarrassment.
  • Prevention of Illness Spread: In times of illness, maintaining personal hygiene, such as covering one’s mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, can help prevent the spread of infections to others.

Different Aspects of Personal Hygiene

Personal hygiene encompasses various aspects, including:

  • Body Hygiene: This involves regular bathing or showering to keep the body clean, removing dirt, sweat, and bacteria.
  • Hand Hygiene: Regular handwashing with soap and water to prevent the spread of germs and diseases.
  • Oral Hygiene: Maintaining the cleanliness of the mouth through practices like brushing teeth, flossing, and using mouthwash to prevent dental issues and bad breath.
  • Hair Hygiene: Keeping the hair clean and well-groomed by washing it regularly to prevent dirt and oil buildup on the scalp.
  • Clothing Hygiene: Changing into clean clothes daily and washing them regularly to prevent the accumulation of germs and odors.
  • Nail Hygiene: Trimming and cleaning fingernails and toenails to prevent the buildup of dirt and bacteria.
  • Ear Hygiene: Cleaning the ears gently with a washcloth or cotton swab to remove excess earwax.
  • Eye Hygiene: Avoiding eye infections by not touching the eyes with dirty hands and cleaning the area around the eyes as needed.
  • Foot Hygiene: Maintaining clean and dry feet by washing them regularly and wearing clean socks and shoes to prevent foot odor and fungal infections.
  • Genital Hygiene: Cleaning the genital area thoroughly with mild soap and water to prevent infections and discomfort.
  • Deodorant and Perfume: Using deodorant and/or perfume to manage body odor and maintain a pleasant fragrance.
  • Respiratory Hygiene: Covering the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing to prevent the spread of germs to others.

Demonstrate good personal hygiene practices.

  1. Handwashing
  • Wet your hands with water.
  • Put soap on your hands and make lots of bubbles.
  • Scrub your hands for as long as it takes to sing “Happy Birthday” twice.
  • Don’t forget your fingers and nails.
  • Rinse your hands with water and use a clean towel to dry them.
  1. Bathing
  • Step into the shower or bath.
  • Use soap to wash your body. Scrub everywhere, especially your armpits, feet, and private parts.
  • Rinse off all the soap with water.
  • After your bath, dry yourself with a clean towel.
  1. Teeth Brushing
  • Use a soft toothbrush and a little toothpaste.
  • Brush your teeth in a circular motion for two minutes. Imagine dividing your mouth into four parts and brushing each part for 30 seconds.
  • Don’t forget your tongue.
  • Rinse your mouth with water.
  1. Hair Care
  • Use shampoo and put it on your hair.
  • Scrub gently and make lots of bubbles.
  • Rinse out the shampoo with water.
  • Use a clean towel to dry your hair.
  1. Nail Care
  • Keep your nails short and clean.
  • Use a small brush to clean under your nails.
  1. Clean Clothes
  • Change into fresh, clean clothes every day.
  • Ask your parents to wash your clothes regularly.
  1. Deodorant
  • Ask your parents to help you use deodorant if you need it.
  1. Foot Care
  • Wash your feet and toes, especially between them.
  • Keep your toenails short.
  • Wear clean socks and shoes.
  1. Genital Hygiene
  • Use mild soap and water to clean gently during your bath.
  • Pat the area dry with a clean towel.
  1. Respiratory Hygiene
  • Cover your mouth and nose with your elbow when you cough or sneeze, like a superhero.


  • What is personal hygiene?
  • List three important aspects of personal hygiene.
  • Mention two different aspects of personal hygiene.
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